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Bollywood songs , more formally known as Hindi film songs or filmi songs, are songs featured in Bollywood films. Derived from the song-and-dance routines common in Indian films , Bollywood songs, along with dance, are a characteristic motif of Hindi cinema which gives it enduring popular appeal, cultural value and context. Linguistically, Bollywood  songs tend to use a colloquial dialect of Hindi-Urdu , or Hindustani , mutually intelligible to both Hindi and Urdu speakers, while modern Bollywood songs also increasingly incorporate elements of Hinglish.
The industry was dominated by cassette tapes in the s and s, before transitioning to online streaming in the s bypassing CD and digital downloads. Hindi film songs are present in Hindi cinema right from the first sound film Alam Ara by Ardeshir Irani which featured seven songs.
This was closely followed by Shirheen Farhad by Jamshedji Framji Madan , also by Madan, which had as many as 42 song sequences strung together in the manner of an opera, and later by Indra Sabha which had as many as 69 song sequences. However, the practice subsided and subsequent films usually featured between six and ten songs in each production.
Right from the advent of Indian cinema in , musicals with song numbers have been a regular feature in Indian cinema. The Hindi song was such an integral features of Hindi mainstream cinema, besides other characteristics, that post-independence alternative cinema, of which the films of Satyajit Ray are an example, discarded the song and dance motif in its effort to stand apart from mainstream cinema.
The Hindi film song now began to make its presence felt as a predominating characteristic in the culture of the nation and began to assume roles beyond the limited purview of cinema. In multi-cultural India, as per film historian Partha Chatterjee, "the Hindi film song cut through all the language barriers in India, to engage in lively communication with the nation where more than twenty languages are spoken and For over five decades, these songs formed the staple of popular music in South Asia and along with Hindi films, was an important cultural export to most countries around Asia and wherever the Indian diaspora had spread.
The spread was galvanised by the advent of cheap plastic tape cassettes which were produced in the millions till the industry crashed in The various use of languages in Bollywood songs can be complex. Most use variations of Hindi and Urdu, with some songs also including other languages such as Persian , and it is not uncommon to hear the use of English words in songs from modern Hindi movies.
In a film, music, both in itself and accompanied with dance, has been used for many purposes including "heightening a situation, accentuating a mood, commenting on theme and action, providing relief and serving as interior monologue. Songs in Bollywood movies are deliberately crafted with lyrics often written by distinguished poets or literati often different from those who write the film script , and these lyrics are often then set to music, carefully choreographed to match the dance routine or script of the film.
They are then sung by professional playback singers and lip-synched by the actors. Bollywood cinema is unique in that the majority of songs are seen to be sung by the characters themselves rather than being played in the background.
The key figure in Bollywood music production and composition is the music director. In this sense, a Bollywood music director also plays the role of a composer and music producer. Bollywood film songs have been described as eclectic both in instrumentation and style.
Bollywood film songs often tend to be accompanied by expensive music videos. Some are among the most expensive music videos of all time. Hindi dance music encompasses a wide range of songs predominantly featured in the Bollywood film industry with a growing worldwide attraction.
The music became popular among overseas Indians in countries such as South Africa , the United Kingdom and the United States of America and eventually developed a global fan base. In the Indian subcontinent of South Asia , disco peaked in popularity in the early s, when a South Asian disco scene arose, popularized by filmi Bollywood music, at a time when disco's popularity had declined in North America.
The success of "Aap Jaisa Koi" in was followed by Nazia Hassan's Disco Deewane , a album produced by Biddu, becoming Asia's best-selling pop album at the time. In parallel to the Euro disco scene at the time, the continued relevance of disco in South Asia and the increasing reliance on synthesizers led to experiments in electronic disco , often combined with elements of Indian music.
Such experiments eventually culminated in the work of Charanjit Singh , whose record Synthesizing: Ten Ragas to a Disco Beat anticipated the sound of acid house music , years before the genre arose in the Chicago house scene of the late s.
Using the Roland TR drum machine , TB bass synthesizer , and Jupiter-8 synthesizer, Singh increased the disco tempo up to a " techno wavelength" and made the sounds more minimalistic, while pairing them with "mystical, repetitive, instrumental Indian ragas ", to produce a new sound, which resembled acid house. So I thought why not do something different using disco music only.
I got an idea to play all the Indian ragas and give the beat a disco beat — and turn off the tabla. And I did it. And it turned out good. Along with experiments in electronic disco, another experimental trend in Indian disco music of the early s was the fusion of disco and psychedelic music. Due to s psychedelic rock , popularized by the Beatles ' raga rock , borrowing heavily from Indian music, it began exerting a reverse influence and had blended with Bollywood music by the early s.
You can download these songs  for free from various sources as well. This led to Bollywood producers exploring a middle-ground between disco and psychedelia in the early s. Producers who experimented with disco-psychedelic fusion included Laxmikant-Pyarelal , on songs such as "Om Shanti Om" Karz , , and R.
Burman , on songs such as "Pyaar Karne Waale" Shaan , ,  along with the use of synthesizers. Music directors like Madan Mohan composed notable filmi- ghazals extensively for Muslim socials in the s and the s. The filmi-ghazal style experienced a revival in the early s, sparked by the success of Nadeem-Shravan 's Aashiqui It had a big impact on Bollywood music at the time, ushering in ghazal-type romantic music that dominated the early s, with soundtracks such as Dil , Saajan , Phool Aur Kaante and Deewana.
It represents a distinct subgenre of film music , although it is distinct from traditional qawwali , which is devotional Sufi music. Within the subgenre of filmi qawwali, there exists a form of qawwali that is infused with modern and Western instruments, usually with techno beats, called techno-qawwali. A newer variation of the techno-qawwali based on the more dance oriented tracks is known as the "club qawwali".
More tracks of this nature are being recorded and released. Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and A. Rahman have composed filmi qawwalis in the style of traditional qawwali. Indian musicians began fusing rock with traditional Indian music from the mids onwards in filmi songs produced for popular Bollywood films.
The Pakistani Qawwali musician Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan had a big impact on Bollywood music, inspiring numerous Indian musicians working in Bollywood , especially during the s. However, there were many instances of Indian music directors plagiarising Khan's music to produce hit filmi songs. Numerous Bollywood songs were also copied from other Pakistani musicians.
Numerous hit Bollywood songs were copied from Pakistani composer M. Among numerous other examples. Indian cinema, with its characteristic film music, has not only spread all over Indian society, but also been on the forefront of the spread of India's culture around the world. Film-maker Baz Luhrmann acknowledged the influence of Hindi cinema on his production Moulin Rouge by the inclusion of a number "Hindi Sad Diamonds" based on the filmi song "Chamma Chamma" which was composed by Anu Malik.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Songs featuring in Bollywood films. For the music genre, see Filmi. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This article has been nominated to be checked for its neutrality. Discussion of this nomination can be found on the talk page. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Further information: Filmi. Main article: Hindi Dance Music. Main article: Filmi-ghazal. Further information: Ghazal. Main article: Filmi qawwali. Further information: Qawwali.
Main article: Indian rock. Further information: Raga rock and Sufi rock. Global Bollywood: travels of Hindi song and dance. U of Minnesota Press. Retrieved 22 January Moti 4 February Popular culture in a globalised India. National Science and Media Museum. Filming the Gods: Religion and Indian Cinema. Business Standard. Financial Times. Hindi film songs and the cinema.
Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Anthem Press. Aldershot: Ashgate. UC News. India Today. Retrieved 7 September World Bank. Retrieved 13 December Toronto Star. The Original Soundtrack. Retrieved 3 June
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